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CECH Diversity Research Day

Your CECH Library guide to the annual CECH Diversity Research Day.

Conference Grid for Oral Presentations

Oral Presentation Abstracts

Mental Health Theme

Presentation title: Impacts of Binge Drinking and Seatbelt Use on the Mental Health of Hispanic Adults

Presenters: Samuel Adabla, Afolakemi Olaniyan

Abstract: This study examined the risk behavior correlates of mental health among Hispanic adults. The sample included 818 adults (18-44 years) from the 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Multivariable regressions examined the associations between the predictor variables (binge drinking and seatbelt use while driving) and the outcome variable (0 days and 1-13 days when mental health was not good) among the participants. Results indicated that participants who did not engage in binge drinking and those who always use seatbelts while driving were more likely to have zero days when their mental health was not good compared to those who engaged in binge drinking and rarely use seatbelts while driving. The odds of mental health not being good within 1-13 days were lower for those who did not engage in binge drinking than those who did. Surprisingly, always using a seatbelt when driving increased the likelihood of having poor mental health within 1-13 days than seldom use of a seatbelt.


Presentation title: Immigrant Status as a Predictor of COVID Risk Factors Among Latinx Adults: Lack of Social Distancing at Work, Level of Anxiety or Depression, and COVID Positivity

Presenters: T'Keyah Grier, Kruti Chaliawala, Solimar Jimenez

Abstract: The U.S. Latinx/Hispanic adult population displays more severe symptoms of mental health challenges than the immigrant population. This population is also disproportionately affected by COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if immigrant status predicts COVID-19 related risk factors, ever having COVID-19, or the mental health status reported in an individual. A secondary data analysis of the 2020 National Health Interview Survey of the Latinx/Hispanic adult population (n = 3833) demonstrated that immigrant status predicts COVID-19 related risk factors, having COVID-19, and the levels of anxiety or depression reported. Results also showed that Latinx adults not born in the U.S. were more likely to work in an environment lacking social distancing. This presentation will summarize complete findings and discuss the importance of addressing immigration status, mental health, and the effect of COVID-19 on the Latinx/Hispanic population’s mental health in the U.S.


Presentation title: Association Between Adverse Childhood Events and Mental Distress in Adulthood Among Hispanic and Latinx Individuals

Presenters: Olutosin Sanyalu, Naomi Admasu

Abstract: This study assessed the association between Adverse Childhood Events (ACEs) exposures and Hispanics/Latinx’ mental health concerns. Using the 2019 BRFSS data of 818 Latinx between 18-44 years, multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between Latinx exposure to ACEs and reported mental health distress.


Presentation title: Stigma of Mental Health for Black Americans: Understanding and Intervention from Ecological Counseling Perspective

Presenter: Elizabeth Anne McClure

Abstract: Many Black Americans are lacking utilization of mental health services for a variety of reasons including fear and stigma perceptions. This proposal aims to review literature regarding the effects stigma, fear, mistrust, and misdiagnosis of Black people, along with how this impacts Black Americans participation of mental health services. Counselors current practice is examined from ecological counseling perspective with an aim to increase cultural competence and cultural interventions. This proposal describes additional areas for ecological change in gaining greater cultural competence and comfort with the skill of broach through continued education and supervision, along with collaborating with the Black Church to increase participation in mental health services and decrease stigma.


Health Theme

Presenter: Kayleigh Gregory

Presentation title: Examination of Physical Pain with School Engagement and Prosocial Behavior Participation among U.S. Adolescents

Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the associations between physical pain and engagement in school and participation in organized activities, community service or volunteer work, and paid work among U.S. adolescents. We used 2018-2019 National Survey of Children’s Health data and included 24,680 adolescents ages 12-17 years. Logistic regression models were conducted. Approximately 14% of adolescents had repeated or chronic physical pain in the past 12-months. Results indicated that adolescents with physical pain were less likely to be engaged in school compared to adolescents without physical pain. Adolescents with physical pain were also less likely to participate in organized activities compared to adolescents without physical pain. Concerning organized activity type, adolescents with physical pain were less likely to participate in sports compared to adolescents without physical pain. Study findings should be considered when developing and implementing pain prevention and treatment programming in schools and communities for adolescents. We will discuss the associations between physical pain and adolescent and family characteristics including adolescent age, adolescent sex, adolescent race/ethnicity, parent education level, family household structure, and family federal poverty level among U.S. adolescents. We will also discuss the associations between adolescent and family characteristics (e.g., race and ethnicity) and school engagement and prosocial behavior participation.


Presenter: Naomi Admasu

Presentation title: Highlighting Responsible & Healthy Health Behaviors among Sexually Active African American Adolescents

Abstract: Positive health behaviors are associated with protective sexual factors. This study assessed healthy sexual behaviors among high-school females. Risky health behaviors such as alcohol use or lack of birth control during sex were assessed. A secondary data analysis of the 2019 YRBSS data of a subsample of 832 African American/Black females showed most girls engaged in healthy sexuality behaviors. Specifically, 72% reported earning mostly As and Bs, 67% reported abstaining from alcohol, and 62% reported never having had sex. Of the 317 who reported having had sex, 69% used birth control and only 16% reported using drugs or drinking alcohol during sex. As expected students with higher grades also were less likely to use drugs/alcohol [F(262 ,1) = 23.933, p< .05]. Lower participation in risky behaviors among adolescents should be highlighted in health education. Sexuality education research that focuses on understanding the reasons should be conducted.


Presenter: Abby Beausir

Presentation title: Addressing Increased Overdoses Among the African American Community from an Ecological Perspective

Abstract: The opioid epidemic is a major public health crisis. Drug overdoses have now been considered a leading cause of death within the United States. Overdoses can be attributed to opioids, including prescription medications with or without a doctor’s prescription, heroin, and fentanyl. More so recently, street drugs including MDMA and cocaine along with heroin have been found laced with fentanyl at alarming rates, increasing the overdoses. Of particular concern has been the demographic shift in the overdose population. Overdoses are increasing more rapidly among the African American population and this population is dying at higher rates compared to other racial/ethnic populations. There needs to be an ecological approach to the opioid epidemic in addressing the overdoses among the African American community to provide prevention, treatment, and recovery services to make a sustainable and lasting impact.


Presenter: Afolakemi Olaniyan

Presentation title: Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Engagement in School and Participation in Organized Activities among U.S. School-aged Children

Abstract:

Background: Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE), including secondhand smoke (SHS) and thirdhand smoke (THS), is associated with health consequences. The study assessed the associations between TSE and engagement in school and participation in organized activities among children.

Methods: We examined 2018-2019 National Survey of Children’s Health data, including 6-11-year-olds (N=17,466). Logistic regression models were built adjusting for important covariates (e.g., sociodemographic).

Results: About 13% of children were exposed to THS only, and 2% were exposed to SHS and THS. Compared to children with no TSE, children exposed to THS only were less likely (aOR=0.74, 95%CI=0.60-0.90) to be engaged in school. Children exposed to THS only (aOR=0.63, 95%CI=0.40-0.98) and exposed to SHS and THS (aOR=0.71, 95%CI=0.56-0.90) were less likely to participate in organized activities than children with no TSE.

Conclusion: Results suggest school- and community-level interventions may increase children’s engagement in school and organized activities, as well as promote home smoking bans.


Education/Teaching Theme

Presentation title: It's the Story: Using Autoethnography to Measure "Success" in the Classroom

Presenter: Mary Dulworth-Gibson

Abstract: A story that begins almost 50 years ago. A story about a kid that becomes a teacher, who becomes a student, who then becomes a teacher. A story about all types of souls that come in and out of the classroom and the marks they leave; some painful, some necessary, some misunderstood. A story where standardized testing does not measure "student's success" and where teachers sit back and learn from their students. A story of deep reflection and the terrifying steps in revealing the truth. A story about what I've learned in academia and what I have learned from the work.


Presentation title: Social Justice in Education: The Role of the Teacher

Presenter: Abby King

Abstract: Education is a powerful remedy to injustice, sanctioning youth who may have otherwise been left behind to realize their importance in society and to help youth understand diverse perspectives. The purpose of this curriculum is to combine real-world data with existing mathematics standards in order to introduce teaching for social justice and working to introduce students to injustices in the world around them. Implementing social justice in education is necessary because it exposes students to events happening in the world around them and creates students who value differences, diversities, and justice in our schools, homes, and communities. My curriculum includes two eighth grade mathematics units that utilize real-world data highlighting social injustices.

 


Presentation title: Eat and Exercise to Win Program for Young Adults with Austism Spectrum Disorder

Presenters: Samuel Adabla, Catherine Lusky

Abstract: Young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) are at risk for being overweight, which is related to unhealthy eating and a sedentary lifestyle (Hsieh et al., 2014; Zheng et al., 2017). Improving involvement in physical activity along with improving healthy eating, and reducing calorie intake, can reduce overweight (Draheim et al., 2002; Healy et al., 2017). However, due to a lack of education, limited opportunities for physical activity, and resistance to changing eating habits, it may be difficult for young adults with ASD and ID to develop a healthier lifestyle. This presentation will review lessons and activities for young adults and what our team has learned from teaching individuals with ASD and ID to inform others about health education for this group of individuals, who greatly benefit from increased knowledge about healthy lifestyles.

 


Presentation title: Understanding Sexual Health amongst South-Asian International Students at University of Cincinnati

Presenter: Kruti Chaliawala

Abstract: The lack of sexual health knowledge among international students is multi-dimensional and is impacted by culture, society, parental guidance, environment, migration, and belongingness to the new culture. The topics of concern include lack of knowledge regarding reproductive anatomy, safer sex, the concept of consensual sex, pregnancy, abortion, and many others. Engaging in risky sexual behavior is linked with the lack of knowledge and attitudes towards sexual health. The current study aims to explore the sexual health knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of South-Asian international students at the University of Cincinnati (UC). Students for this study will be recruited from the UC international student pool. Students from India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal were asked to participate. Participants will be asked to fill out the survey online through the Qualtrics system. The results will help reform the university environment by providing resources regarding sexual health to international students.


 

Criminal Justice + Social Change Themes

Presentation title: Impact of Victimization on the Development of Morally Disengaged Attitudes in Youth Offenders

Presenter: Krysta Knox

Abstract: Described by Bandura et al., moral disengagement refers to the selective censoring of one’s moral thought processes and behaviors. Although many studies have found moral disengagement to be linked to antisocial behavioral outcomes, less is known about potential predictors of moral disengagement. Victimization has been shown to impact a variety of outcomes including psychological distress and antisocial behavior. As such, experiencing victimization may lead to the adoption of behavioral neutralizing techniques, allowing the victim to excuse their own behavior towards others. Using data from Pathways to Desistance, a longitudinal study of serious youth offenders, the present study examines the impact of personal, vicarious, and total violent victimization experiences on moral disengagement in adolescence. Results suggest that any exposure to violent victimization leads to an increase in morally disengaged attitudes. Findings highlight the need for school- and facility-based programs focusing on violence and victimization reduction strategies targeted to adolescents. The study that has been submitted for consideration uses a sample consisting of individuals at an intersection of two vulnerable populations--youth and incarcerated individuals. Further, incarcerated individuals are disproportionately racial/ethnic minorities. Indeed, over 70 percent of the sample reported being a racial/ethnic minority

 


Presentation title: Workplace Gender Harassment: An Examination of Self-Perceived Attractiveness, Self-Esteem, and Self-Doubt

Presenter: Michelle Protas

Abstract: Sexual harassment in the workplace is institutionalized within society in the United States and is experienced by 80% of women (De Judicibus & McCabe, 2001; Mateo & Menza, 2017). Broadly defined as any behavior that derogates, demeans, or humiliates an individual based on their sex, the most common form of workplace sexual harassment is gender harassment, including being told suggestive stories, crude sexual or offensive remarks, being displayed offensive materials, or being told sexist comments (Fitzgerald et al., 1995; Keplinger et al., 2019; Leskinen et al., 2011). While prior research has examined the relationship between year and sexual harassment on self-esteem and self-doubt, there has not been a specific focus on the relationship between gender harassment and self-perception. The current study uses a sample of 513 full-time, professional women between 25 and 45 years of age to examine the relationship between gender harassment and self-perceived attractiveness, self-esteem, and self-doubt.

 


Presentation title: The Impact of Race and Ethnicity on Variability in Experiencing Prison Strains

Presenter: Pranjali Sathe

Abstract: Prior scholarship suggests that incarceration affects the mental health of inmates due to the “pains” of imprisonment. Important group differences are anticipated in adjustment to prison strains due to differential exposure and differential vulnerability to cope with stressors. This study uses a nationally representative sample of inmates to assess whether prison strains vary across race and ethnic groups. Additionally, the study also seeks to understand pre-prison stressors and protective factors that may moderate the relationship between prison strains and race/ethnicity. The findings highlight the issue of societal inequality and support the social causation hypothesis which asserts that Blacks and Hispanics relative to Whites belonging to disadvantaged neighborhoods are at greater risk of developing mental illness during incarceration. Interestingly, analyses suggest that prior victimization acts as an important pre-prison stressor for Blacks and for Hispanics, separation from family members is significantly associated with an increased risk of experiencing prison strains.


Presentation title: College Program for Academic Success: Experiences and Roadblocks of CPAS Students

Presenter: Nicholas Burkhart

Abstract: There are discrepancies between various student populations in their achievement of a college education due to lacking required preparation which has led higher education institutions to devise student success programs. These programs provide resources and services to improve the range of students who succeed in college by developing upon the areas which they may be struggling. Student success programs have taken multiple forms consisting of summer bridge programs, student success centers, and first-year experiences to name a few. Research has been conducted on student success programs to evaluate their efficiency and ability to assist at-risk students in achieving success in college. However, most of this research has come from an organizational or institutional perspective rather than from a student one which leads to the current study on looking at the barriers of students. The student success program examined for the current study is the College Program for Academic Success (CPAS) at the University of Cincinnati Blue Ash. CPAS is a conditional admission program that tends to serve first-generation, low socioeconomic status, and BIPOC students towards being successful in their first year of college. A total of 5 CPAS students were recruited for individual interviews over their experience in the program and the barriers they faced while attending. Students identified three core themes when discussing their barriers while in college and potential new ideas for the program. For barriers, students discussed experiencing issues with confusion, self-doubts, and personal investment while attending. Lastly, students provided recommendations on potential improvements that could be made to the program such as a toolkit to keep college information, checking on the progress of students more often, and helping students better understand the long-term consequences of not doing well in college. As such, it is recommended that student success programs take a student perspective when examining their effectiveness and possibly utilize the themes identified to guide their inquiry. An additional recommendation is to use the findings from this study as a basis for designing new policies and practices within student success programs.

 

Social Connection Theme

Presentation title: The Association Between Mental Health Indices, Social Support, and Health Seeking Behaviors Among Latinx Adults

Presenters: Solimar Jimenez, Kruti Chaliawala, T'Keyah Grier, Don Jason

Abstract: Research shows that mental health issues are on the rise for Latinx/Hispanic adults. Social support and health seeking behaviors are important to consider when addressing Latinx/Hispanic mental health. The present study aimed to understand the relationship between mental health indices, social support and health seeking behaviors reported by Latinx adults. A secondary data analysis of adult Latinx respondents to the 2020 National Health Interview Survey was conducted. A total of 3833 participants who responded “Yes” to the question of Latinx ethnicity were included in the analysis for this study. Pearson’s r correlation was conducted to understand the relationship between mental health indices, social support, and health seeking behaviors. Health seeking behaviors such has delaying medical care due to cost and mental health indices such as level of anxiety and level of depression showed positive relationships. This presentation will further explore the relationship, while considering implications for health promotion and education.

 


Presentation title: Lightweight Framework for Cyberbullying Image Detection on Social Media Platforms​ ​

Presenters: Sylvia Azumah, Nelly Elsayed

Abstract: The use of online social networks (OSNs) across the globe is ever-increasing daily. Monitoring incidents and tracking image contents in OSNs is a tall order. Reports of Datareportal showcased that 53% of the global population uses one or more social media platforms, and everyone spends about three hours per day on social media platforms [1]. This suggests that considerable time is spent daily on OSNs. Cyberbullying in digital space can be linked to the growing rate of depression, suicide, anxiety, and compulsive behaviors in young adults. Existing literature focused on identifying cyberbullying in OSNs using text analysis. The research of Grellety et al. [2] developed queries in detecting cyberbullying contents with a precision of 91.25%. Cyberbullying is identified as a defensive or aggressive response, with most of the actors being able to harness the ability to victimize targets anonymously. The research of Dalvi et al. [3] developed software for detecting cyberbullying posts on Twitter using machine learning algorithms. Based on existing literature, we realize that most research focused on using text data for detecting cyberbullying. However, our pilot research findings suggest that visual contents (images) have a higher psychological impact than text data on victims [4]. We attempt to detect cyberbullying in images to eliminate or reduce the risk of psychological and behavioral effects associated with cyberbullying. Hence, we propose a lightweight deep learning framework to detect cyberbullying through images on social media. Image data will be scrapped from Twitter and other social media platforms to be used in this study. The lightweight framework will be evaluated using accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score as performance metrics for detection in image data. 

 


Presentation title: Social Support on the Digital Campus: Black Women's Experiences

Presenter: Gabrielle Golden

Abstract: This presentation explores the experience of a mandatory and unexpected virtual school year and digital engagement for black women college students. Digital engagement is defined here as involvement with campus counter spaces, peer social support networks, and mentorship programs. Through an analysis of in depth interviews this project examines the experiences of Black women currently attending predominantly white institutions and how they have been able to leverage digital community as a support strategy in order to persist toward degree attainment. This project examines the way Black women college students create and cultivate digital counterspace with one another though their involvement in online communities since 2020. An examination of their subsequent transition into a hybrid in-person environment has implications for how higher education personnel can look to best incorporate technology into future engagement.

 


Presentation title: Can Religiosity Control Deviant Behavior? An Assessment of the Relationship Between Religious Beliefs and Deviant Behavior Across White, Black, and Hispanic Youth

Presenter: Miranda Celeste

Abstract: Travis Hirschi and Rodney Stark’s (1969) Hellfire study was one of the first articles that explicitly assessed the role of religion on delinquent behaviors in adolescents. The negligible findings from their study led them to conclude that there is no room in criminological study for religiosity. Literature since then has found mixed evidence for the relationship between religiosity and deviant or criminal behavior. The current study employed data from the Fragile Families Study (FFS) to assess the role of the religiosity on adolescent deviant behavior. More specifically, the study sought to examine if a primary guardian’s religiosity can control their adolescent’s deviant behaviors and whether this control varies across White, Black, and Hispanic youth. Multivariate logistic regression models were conducted with an analytic sample of 2,912 guardian-adolescent family units.

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