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CECH Diversity Research Day

Your CECH Library guide to the annual CECH Diversity Research Day.

Poster Presentation Abstracts

Poster Title: Citizen Complaints and Departmental Diversity: A Preliminary Analysis

Author: Clay Driscoll

Program: Criminal Justice

Abstract: The United States is in the midst of a significant and much-needed conversation about law enforcement and the communities they represent. The current research examined the relationship between the number of minority supervisors within a department and the number of complaints of excessive force are filed against the department. Initially, a statistically significant relationship was found between the amounts of minority supervisors and complaints of excessive force within the wide range of departments contained in the current research. However, accounting for the large variances in departmental sizes by creating groups reduces this relationship into insignificance for all groups. Additional research will be conducted in order to find potential explanations for this variant relationship.

Poster Title: Faculty Perspectives on the Recruitment, Retention, and Preparation of School Psychology Doctoral Students of Color

Author: Kandace Mossing

Faculty Mentor(s): Dr. Tai Collins (University of Cincinnati) and Dr. Daniel Maggin (University of Illinois Chicago)

Program: School Psychology

Abstract: As the field of school psychology continues to center social justice as a framework for research and practice, we must evaluate the capacity of the field to integrate and strengthen themes of social justice and diversity into graduate training. Additionally, supporting racially and ethnically minoritized students in graduate programs is essential for continued growth and diversification of the field. The current study examined faculty members’ perspectives on the recruitment and retention of doctoral students of color in their programs, their preparedness to provide support to these students, and the incorporation of social justice and diversity into their teaching. Results found that faculty members reported efforts to recruit and retain students of color and a general commitment to issues of racial and ethnic diversity; however, these intentions were not reflected in diversity-related outcomes. Future work should examine ways to improve these practices, and garner student perspectives on these issues.

Poster title: Nativity Characteristics Predictive of Social Support or Mental Health Care Seeking Among Latinx Adults

Author: Kruti Chaliawala

Faculty Mentor: Dr. Liliana Rojas-Guyler

Program: Health Education

Abstract: The Latinx/Hispanic adults report having higher rates of mental health challenges than other groups within the US. While mental health resources are widely available, Latinx adults tend to shy away from seeking mental health care due to stigma within their culture. Studies have shown discrepancies in the data when comparing US-born Latinx adults to the migrated Latinx adults concerning social support and mental health care. The current research focused on finding if an immigration status of a Latinx adult can impact social support and mental healthcare-seeking behavior. Stepwise linear regression was conducted using the NHIS 2020 data (n = 3833). Social support and delayed mental health care due to cost were positively associated and a significant predictor of citizenship status and not being born in the US while weighing by income. The results support the previous literature that Latinx are reluctant to seek mental health care due to their immigration status.

Poster title: Increasing Teacher Use of Equitable Behavior-Specific Praise in an EBD Classroom through Equity-Focused Self-Monitoring & Performance Feedback

Author: Emma Denbleyker

Faculty Mentor: Dr. Tai Collins

Program: School Psychology

Abstract: Disproportionate outcomes for minoritized students, particularly Black, Latinx, and Indigenous students, remains a pervasive issue in schools. Teachers with insufficient classroom management techniques may unknowingly contribute to discipline disproportionality, highlighting the importance of providing teachers with feasible classroom management strategies. Behavior specific praise (BSP) is one of the most widespread and simple evidence-based classroom management techniques, anchored in feasibility and effectiveness. However, several studies have demonstrated inequity in delivering BSP to ethnic / racial minoritized students. Self-monitoring and performance feedback have been widely used to increase teachers’ implementation fidelity of behavioral interventions, and positive effects have been demonstrated specifically for interventions focused on increasing overall rates of praise. However, the literature on BSP, self-monitoring, and performance feedback have only recently begun to turn an eye towards equitable student outcomes. Therefore, the current study seeks to expand on this emerging literature to determine the effectiveness of a two-pronged (self-monitoring and performance feedback) intervention to increase teacher use of equitable BSP.

Poster title: Social Factors Predicting Marijuana Use in African American Youth

Author: Madison Hollar

Faculty Mentor: Dr. Michael Brubaker

Program: Counselor Education and Supervision

Abstract: Concerns surrounding adolescent substance use continue to grow due to the risk of adverse outcomes. Therefore, it is critical to recognize the ecological factors that influence adolescent substance use and cultural differences, as African American youth face more detrimental consequences related to substance use compared to their White counterparts. This study examines social factors including perceived risk, peer disapproval and parental involvement and the impact on marijuana use among African American youth. We analyze these relationships using a logistic regression model utilizing secondary data from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. The findings indicate that increased perceived risk and peer disapproval are associated with lower rates of past year marijuana use among African American youth. Furthermore, decreased parental involvement is a predictor of higher rates of past year marijuana use. The results of this study suggest the need for culturally informed prevention and treatment efforts in counseling.

Poster title: Teaching about Nutrition and Goal Setting in Health Classes for Adults with Special Needs

Author: Olutosin Sanyaolu, Afolakemi Olaniyan

Faculty Mentor: Dr. Laura Nabors

Program: Health Education and Promotion

Abstract: This poster presentation features information about obesity prevention classes for young adults with special needs. Obesity prevention efforts are critical as young adults with special needs are at risk for overweight and may not have health knowledge to prevent overweight. This poster presentation will review information provided in classes for young adults, which feature teaching information about the nutrition content of different foods. A novel part of the program is using self-determination of health goals and motivational interviewing (MI). Ideas for implementation of MI for goal setting will be presented. Previous results related to improved healthy eating, reduction of soda intake, and increased light and moderate physical activity will be shared. Further, lessons learned in refining educational presentations and enhancing motivation and engagement of young adults with special needs in health education and fitness programming will be discussed, to provide ideas for others working with young adults with special needs.


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