A primary source in science is a document or record that reports on a study, experiment, trial or research project. Primary sources are usually written by the person(s) who conducted the research, study, or experiment. They include hypothesis, methodology, and results sections.
Primary Sources include:
Clinical trials and randomized clinical trials/RCTs
You can also apply a “Research” limit from the CINAHL Advanced search screen.
Primary sources for nursing theory are documents written by the theorist. Secondary sources are those written by someone else about the theory.
Examples of primary sources include:
There are several ways to find this information.
1. To find a book authored by the theorist-->from our nursing guide, click on RESOURCES--> E-books
Enter title in search box or click on MORE SEARCH OPTIONS underneath to get to the advanced search screen:
Enter theorist's name, last name, first name and select the "author" drop down to the left. Don't forget to click SEARCH in lower left corner (not visible on screenshot).
You can replicate this search strategy in all the databases. Search the theorist's name as an author to find primary source material by the chosen theorist.
Secondary sources list, summarize, compare, and evaluate primary information and studies so as to draw conclusions on or present current state of knowledge in a discipline or subject. Sources may include a bibliography which may direct you back to the primary research reported in the article.
Secondary Sources include:
University of Cincinnati Libraries
PO Box 210033 Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0033