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Citing Your Sources


MLA style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature.

MLA 8th Edition

One standard citation format applies to every source type

Core lements of the MLA citation (8th edition)

Reproduced from

Author. When a source has three or more authors, only the first one shown in the source is normally given.
It is now acceptable to use online handles or screen names in place of authors’ names.


Container. Containers are the elements that “hold” the source. For example, if a television episode is watched on Netflix, Netflix is the container.



Number and volume. Note that the abbreviations vol. and no. have been added to journal article citations.

Omitting the publisher from some source types. It is not necessary to include the publisher for periodicals or for a web site when the name of the site matches the name of the publisher.

Omitting the city of publication. Include the the city of publication only if the version of the source differs when published in a different country. (Example: British editions of books versus versions printed in the United States).

Inclusion of URLs (without  “http://” or “https://”) is highly recommended. This allows to trace the information online, even if it becomes outdated.

The citing of DOIs (digital object identifiers) is encouraged.

Citing the date when an online work was consulted is now optional.

Modified from and

Online MLA guides

Sample Papers

Books in the Library Collection

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