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Bluebook Citation 101 -- Practitioner Format


The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation is generally the default legal citation manual. It is compiled by the editors of the Columbia Law Review, the Harvard Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and The Yale Law Journal and began in 1926. It is now in its 21st edition. Other general legal citation manuals include ALWD, and The Redbook. Additionally, each jurisdiction and court may have its own citation rules. Ohio, for example, has its own writing manual.

Bluebook Organization

  • Quick Reference:  Law Review Footnotes
  • Blue Pages (these are practitioner oriented)
  • General Rules (R. 1 – 9)
  • Specific Source Rules (R. 10-21)
  • Tables (T. 1-16)
  • Index
  • Quick Reference: Court Documents and Legal Memoranda

Style Guides

Citation Help (mostly practitioner format but useful for rules)

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