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Bluebook Citation 101 -- Academic Format

If writing a scholarly article, you will need to provide correct attribution to your sources. This guide provides basic information on Bluebook citation in the scholarly format. Students writing seminar papers will find this guide invaluable.

Administrative Rules and Regulations

R. 14 of The Bluebook (21st ed. 2020) covers the citation of administrative and executive materials.


Elements for Codified Rules

  • Give the name of the rule/regulation only if commonly cited that way
  • Title of CFR
  • Code of Federal Regulations abbreviation
  • Section (or part)
  • Year (cite the most recent edition unless citing a historical version)

Example for Codified Rules

8 C.F.R. § 238.1 (2014).

8 C.F.R. pt.103 (2014).

Elements for Proposed Rules, Notices, or Comments

  • Give the name of the rule/regulation only if commonly cited that way
  • Volume of Federal Register
  • Federal Register abbreviation
  • page number (if pinpoint citing give the page the rule/notice/comment begins on and the pinpoint page)
  • Date (full date should be used)
  • Parenthetical if needed (usually a to be codified parenthetical)

Example for a Proposed Rule

Defining and Delimiting the Exemptions for Executive, Administrative, Professional, Outside Sales and Computer Employee, 80 Fed. Reg. 38516 (proposed July 6, 2015) (to be codified at 29 C.F.R. pt. 541).


Citation to state administrative materials will follow the same general format. Use T.1 to determine the state's code or register and use large and small cap font for it.

Example of an Ohio Administrative Code Citation

Ohio Admin. Code 5160-9-01 (2014).

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