This inforgraphic is created by IFLA (international Federation of Library Associations). It is based on FactCheck.org’s 2016 article How to Spot Fake News.
Fact-checking and fake news debunking sites
Reputable fact-checking organizations focused on U.S. national news:
Algorithms are complex computational formulas used by online platforms like Google and Amazon to keep us engaged with their products and services. They collect data based on our online activity and use that data to tailor what we see... and what we don't see
Since the information we see is personalized based on assumptions about us, we are less likely to see diverse perspectives or conflicting points of view. The internet becomes an echo chamber reinforcing our beliefs.
Click on the image to display the full-size inforgraphic.
From "Algorithmic Literacy" in the Citizen Literacy Guide created by Robert Detmering, Amber Willenborg, and Terri Holtze for University of Louisville Libraries and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.
Conspiracy theories are sets of often erroneous beliefs that people use to explain malevolent and/ or unlawful acts that are perceived to be directed by and in favor of a small and powerful group that works in secret against a larger group of unwitting victims.
Reid, S. A., & Reid. (2009). Conspiracy theories. In J. M. Levine, & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of group processes and intergroup relations. Sage Publications. Credo Reference.
The past few years have seen a rise in the number of predatory journals. These journals invite faculty and researchers to publish and often accept articles without reading them. They charge publication fees without providing any editorial or publishing services.
Publishing an article in a predatory journal may damage your reputation.
To learn more about recognizing and avoiding predatory journals, please refer to the excellent guide Scholarly Publishing: Predatory Publishing from Himmelfarb Library:
Selected sites to help you identify hoaxes, scams, etc.
University of Cincinnati Libraries
PO Box 210033 Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0033