Chapter 1. Sapphic Performances -- The implications of reading Sappho -- "Old things are becoming new" -- "Charming tableau" -- "Going back with knowledge" -- "If I can ever sing to you" -- "My orchard in Mytellini" -- Chapter 2. Weaving -- "One handwoven dress" -- "Beautiful, statuesque girl, heroine of two social continents" -- The "anadromic method" and experimental replication -- "My happiness hangs on a thread" -- "The key to the matter is the loom!" -- Chapter 3. Patron of Byzantine music -- The "musical question" and the Oresteiaka -- Penelope Sikelianos Duncan -- After Penelope -- Konstantinos Psachos and the field of Greek music -- Eva Sikelianos in the field of Greek music -- Patron of Greek music -- Lessons from India's decolonization movement -- Chapter 4. Drama -- Isadora Duncan's "multiple oneness," 1903 -- Atalanta in Bar Harbor, 1905 -- Delphic visions on Mount Parnassus, early 1920s -- Prometheus Bound in Delphi, 1927 -- The Persians at Jacob's Pillow, 1939 -- Chapter 5. Writing -- Upward Panic -- The loom is the key (again) -- "Politics" -- Translating Angelos Sikelianos's Act of Resistance -- Angelos's Akritika thrusts Eva into politics -- "Greek home-coming year" -- Epilogue: recollecting a life.
This is the first biography to tell the fascinating story of Eva Palmer Sikelianos (1874-1952), an American actor, director, composer, and weaver best known for reviving the Delphic Festivals. Yet, as Artemis Leontis reveals, Palmer's most spectacular performance was her daily revival of ancient Greek life. For almost half a century, dressed in handmade Greek tunics and sandals, she sought to make modern life freer and more beautiful through a creative engagement with the ancients. Along the way, she crossed paths with other seminal modern artists such as Natalie Clifford Barney, Renée Vivien, Isadora Duncan, Susan Glaspell, George Cram Cook, Richard Strauss, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Nikos Kazantzakis, George Seferis, Henry Miller, Paul Robeson, and Ted Shawn. 0Brilliant and gorgeous, with floor-length auburn hair, Palmer was a wealthy New York debutante who studied Greek at Bryn Mawr College before turning her back on conventional society to live a lesbian life in Paris. She later followed Raymond Duncan (brother of Isadora) and his wife to Greece and married the Greek poet Angelos Sikelianos in 1907. With single-minded purpose, Palmer re-created ancient art forms, staging Greek tragedy with her own choreography, costumes, and even music. Having exhausted her inheritance, she returned to the United States in 1933, was blacklisted for criticizing American imperialism during the Cold War, and was barred from returning to Greece until just before her death. 0Drawing on hundreds of newly discovered letters and featuring many previously unpublished photographs, this biography vividly re-creates the unforgettable story of a remarkable nonconformist whom one contemporary described as "the only ancient Greek I ever knew."
Women in Myth -- Myth: an introduction; Creation myth; The Olympian goddesses: virgins and mothers; Women in the poems of Homer; Amazons -- The Archaic Age, 750-500 BC -- Women in an age of transition; Women and the poets; Women as poets: Sappho; women in stone -- The Classical Age, 500-336 BC -- Women in Athenian law and society; women's bodies; The lives of women in Classical Athens -- Sparta and Gortyn; women and religion -- Ideas about Women in the Classical Age -- women in drama; Women and the philosophers; women in classical sculpture.
Vol. 1 Women in myth. Early Greece : the origins of the western attitude toward women / Marylin B. Arthur -- Putting her in her place : woman, dirt, and desire / Anne Carson -- Legendary women and Greek womanhood : the Heroines pyxis in the British Museum / Anthony F. Mangieri -- Beautiful evil : Pandora and the Athena Parthenos / Jeffrey M. Hurwit -- Imag(in)ing the other : Amazons and ethnicity in fifth-century Athens / Andrew Stewart -- Myth and genre on Athenian vases / Gloria Ferrari -- The captive's dilemma : sexual acquiescence in Euripides Hecuba and Troades / Ruth Scodel -- Discourses of sexual violation in mythic accounts and dramatic versions of "The Girl's Tragedy" / Adele Scafuro -- The dynamics of misogyny : myth and mythmaking in the Oresteia / Froma I. Zeitlin -- Women of early Rome as exempla in Livy, Ab Urbe Condita, book 1 / Tom Stevenson -- Ritual work on human flesh : Livy's Lucretia and the rape of the body politic / Patricia Klindienst Joplin -- The erotics of rape : Livy, Ovid and the Sabine women / Mary Beard.
Vol. 2 Women in religion. A feminist boomerang : the Great Goddess of Greek prehistory / Lauren E. Talalay -- Youth and age in the Thera Frescoes / Ellen N. Davis -- Women, dogs and flies / Susan Guettel Cole -- Anthropology and spirit possession : a reconsideration of the Phythia's role of Delphi / L. Maurizio -- The sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia : can architecture and iconography help to locate the settings of the rituals? / Inge Nielsen -- Women looking at women : women's ritual and temple sculpture / Eva Stehle and Amy Day -- Women and religion in Greece / Eva Stehle -- Women and Roman religion / Lora L. Holland -- Social status and religious participation / Celia Schultz -- The religious roles of roman women / John Scheid.
Vol. 3 Women in public life. The traffic in women : from Homer to Hipponax, from war to commerce / Madeleine M. Henry -- The "rich Athenian Lady" was pregnant : the anthropology of a geometric tomb reconsidered / Maria A. Liston and John K. Papadopoulos -- Ancient Greek women and art : the material evidence / Burnilde Sismondo Ridgway -- Towards a female topography of the ancient Greek city : case studies from late archaic and early classical Athens (c. 520-400 BCE) / Lisa C. Nevett -- Martial rape, pulsating fear, and the sexual maltreatment of girls, virgins, and women in antiquity / Kathy L. Gaca -- The conception of women in Athenian drama / Helene P. Foley -- Working women : female professionals on classical attic gravestones / Angeliki Kosmopoulou -- In death not divided : gender, family, and state on classical Athenian grave stelae / Ruth E. Leader -- What was free about a free Athenian woman? / David M. Schaps -- Women and the theater audience / David Kawalko Roselli -- Controlling women's dress : Gynaikonomoi / Daniel Ogden -- Hellenistic artists : female / Natalie Kampen -- Etruscan couples and their aristocratic society / Larissa Bonfante -- Representations of female sexualities / Suzanne Dixon -- Women's costume and feminine civic morality in Augustan Rome / Judith Lynn Sebesta -- Livia and the history of public honorific statues for women in Rome / Marleen B. Flory -- Women and gender in the Forum Romanum / Mary T. Boatwright -- Women on the columns of Trajan and Marcus Aurelius and the visual language of Roman victory / Sheila Dillon -- Hair and the artifice of Roman female adornment / Elizabeth Bartman.
Vol. 4 Women in private life. The most silent women of Greece and Rome : rural labour and women's life in the ancient world : parts I and II / Walter Scheidel -- Women and law / Barbara Levick -- Reading the bones : interpreting the skeletal evidence for women's lives in ancient Greece / Maria A. Liston -- The eyes have it : female desire on attic Greek vases / Margaret M. Toscano -- The politics of pleasure : female sexual appetite in the Hippocratic Corpus / Lesley Dean-Jones -- Could Greek women read and write? / Susan Guettel Cole -- The woman least mentioned : etiquette and women's names / David Schaps -- Many brides : "mistress and maid" on Athenian Lekythoi / Joan Reilly -- Women and housing in classical Greece : the archaeological evidence / Susan Walker -- Architecture and behavior : building gender into Greek houses / Carla M. Antonaccio -- Seclusion, separation and the status of women in classical Athens / David Cohen -- Separation or seclusion? Towards an archaeological approach to investigating women in the Greek household in the fifth to third centuries BC / Lisa Nevett -- House and veil in ancient Greece / Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones -- The good daughter : mothers' tutelage in Erinna's Distaff and fourth-century epitaphs / Eva Stehle -- Women on Hellenistic grave stelai : reading images and texts / Christina A. Salowey -- Elite women and the lower classes / Sarah Pomeroy -- Roman women / Gillian Clark -- Material girl : feminist confrontations with Roman art / Natalie Boymel Kampen -- The cult of virtues and the funerary relief of Ulpia Epigone / Eve d'Ambra -- "Pagan" and "Christian" marriage : the state of the question / Judith Evans Grubbs -- Slave-rape and female silence in Ovid's love poetry / Sharon L. James -- Viewing Ariadne : from ekphrasis to wall painting in the Roman world / Jaś Elsner -- Insinuation of womanly influence : an aspect of the Christianization of the Roman aristocracy / Kate Cooper.
Women in Archaic Greece: Talk in Praise and Blame; Excursus: Spartan Women: Women in a Warrior Society; Women in Classical Athens: Heroines and Housewives; Excursus: Amazons: Women in Control; The Hellenistic Period: Women in a Cosmopolitan World; Excursus: Medicine: The "Proof" Of Anatomy / Lesley Dean-Jones; Republican Rome I: From Marriage by Capture to Partnership in War - The Proud Women of Early Rome; Excursus: Etruscan Women / Larissa Bonfante; Republican Rome II: Women in a Wealthy Society - Aristocratic and Working Women from the Second Century B.C.E.; Excursus: The "New Woman": Representation and Reality; Women, Family, and Sexuality in the Age of Augustus and the Julio-Claudians; Excursus: The Women of Pompeii; Women of the High and Later Empire: Conformity and Diversity.
Women's voices -- Female poets/Men's words in women's mouths -- I. Men's opinions -- Praise/Invective -- II. Philosophers on the role of women -- III. Legal status in the Greek world -- Crete/Athens/Amorgos/Sparta/Thera/Smyrna/Egypt -- IV. Legal status in the Roman world -- Early Rome/The Roman jurists/Roman Egypt -- V. Public life -- Women's bravery in legend and history/Political life/Women's organizations/Inscriptions Honoring Benefactresses and Philanthropist -- Victors -- VI. Private life -- Correct behavior/Education of females/Intellectual life/Women and women/Women and men/Babies/Parents and children/The home/Celebrations/Epitaphs -- VII. Occupations -- Apprenticeship/Self-employment and entrepreneurship/Prostitution/Women gladiators/The arts and entertainment/Skilled labor/Sales and services/Agriculture/Other records of women's employment -- VIII. Medicine and anatomy -- Philosophers observe nature/Writings of practicing physicians/Writings on medical matters by laymen/Case histories from epitaphs/Female medical practitioners -- IX. Rligion -- Dionysus, Bacchus/Hera/Demeter, Ceres/Athena/Artemis/Aphrodite/Asclepius/Serapis/Vesta/Bona Dea/Isis/Witchcraft/Priestesses/Christianity/Late Pagan 'Saints'.