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Digital Literacy

This guide will help you to use information technologies and the Internet to find, evaluate, use, and share information in order to succeed academically and in your future career development.

Evaluating Online Sources

News/Fake News

How to Spot Fake News

This inforgraphic is created by IFLA (international Federation of Library Associations). It is based on’s 2016 article How to Spot Fake News.

Fact-Checking and Fake News Debunking Sites

Reputable fact-checking organizations focused on U.S. national news:

AI-generated content

Treat AI-generated content the same way you would evaluate any online material. Use the Evaluating Online Information guide to learn how to investigate the material generated by AI, compare it to reliable sources, and check the accuracy of information and references.

When using generative AI for course assignments, make sure that this meets with your instructor's approval and all uses of AI are properly acknowledged.

Algorithms and Echo Chambers

Algorithms are complex computational formulas used by online platforms like Google and Amazon to keep us engaged with their products and services. They collect data based on our online activity and use that data to tailor what we see... and what we don't see

Since the information we see is personalized based on assumptions about us, we are less likely to see diverse perspectives or conflicting points of view. The internet becomes an echo chamber reinforcing our beliefs.

5 strategies for algorithmic literacy

Click on the image to display the full-size inforgraphic.

From "Algorithmic Literacy" in the Citizen Literacy Guide created by Robert Detmering, Amber Willenborg, and Terri Holtze for University of Louisville Libraries and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

Conspiracy Theories

Conspiracy theories are sets of often erroneous beliefs that people use to explain malevolent and/ or unlawful acts that are perceived to be directed by and in favor of a small and powerful group that works in secret against a larger group of unwitting victims.

Reid, S. A., & Reid. (2009). Conspiracy theories. In J. M. Levine, & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of group processes and intergroup relations. Sage Publications. Credo Reference.

Fake or Predatory Journals

Predatory journals invite faculty and researchers to publish and often accept articles without reading them. They charge publication fees without providing any editorial or publishing services.
Publishing an article in a predatory journal may damage your reputation.

To learn more about recognizing and avoiding predatory journals, please refer to the guide Predatory Journals & Publishers.

Urban Legends and Hoaxes

Selected sites to help you identify hoaxes, scams, etc.

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