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Criminal Justice Complete

The Criminal Justice Resources guides provide links to a wide range of resources to facilitate course work, scholarship and career development.

APA does not have strict guidance for some kinds of government sources. Links to clear APA guidelines are provided when possible. 

When APA guidance is not available, the citations given are to be considered "best practices" according to the basic principles of citations

  • Tells the reader where/how to find the source without using the URL
  • Provides a URL when possible
  • Tells the reader when it was written
  • Tells the reader who wrote and/or published it

State Statutes and Laws

If a state law or statute has an official name ("Florida Mental Health Act")

To cite the Florida Mental Health Act..

Florida Mental Health Act, Fla. Stat., § 394 (1971 & rev. 2009).

What that translates to is:

If a state law or statute does not have an official name (ex. a subsection or paragraph in the state's statutes)

To cite Minnesota Statute 134.12 entitled "Benefits of library"

Benefits of library, Minn. Stat. § 134.12 (1905 & rev. 1913, 1951, 1963, 1973, 1983).


Benefits of library, Minn. Stat. § 134.12 (1983).

What that translates to is:

  • Name of Section = Benefits of Library
  • State Code (Minnesota Statutes) = Minn. Stat.
  • Section § = 134
  • Subsection = 12
  • Initial Year of statute OR year of version you're citing = 1905 OR 1983
  • Years in which statute was revised OR Omit entirely = rev. 1913, 1951, 1963, 1973, 1983 OR [blank]
  • Link if available =

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