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Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs)

Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) are created by states through multilateral treaties that act like a constitution in that the states parties are consenting to be bound by the treaty that sets up the agencies, functions, and purposes of the organizat

G. The World Trade Organization

G. The World Trade Organization (WTO)

The WTO was created in 1995 to provide a forum for the negotiation of agreements to regulate trade, to resolve disputes among members, and to impose sanctions. Its highest authority is the Ministerial Conference, which must meet at least once every two years. The Ministerial Conference can make decisions on any topic that the WTO may address. Below it is the General Council, which “acts on behalf of the Ministerial Conference on all WTO affairs.” It meets as itself, as the Dispute Settlement Body, and as the Trade Policy Review Body “to oversee procedures for settling disputes between members and to analyse members’ trade policies.”

1. Online

The WTO has a good website. The Documents Gateway provides direct access to existing agreements, the Documents Online menu for accessing all other types of documents, and the GATT archive on the WTO website.   Stanford also has an archive of GATT documents that contains "...much of the GATT collection and makes the documents available through their website with a search engine." “Documents Online is a separate facility from the main website, so runs in its own browser window and has its own search engine.” Documents Online is the place to begin a search for any WTO document.

WTO Legal Texts including

Some of the important detailed schedules follow:

A link to dispute settlement documents can be found at the bottom of the Dispute Settlement page.

2. Paper

To locate WTO documents at UC do an author search in UCLID on World Trade Organization. Although we have only a handful of them, they are well selected. Among them are the following: A Handbook on the WTO Dispute Settlement System. (2004). K4610.W67 2004 World Trade Organization Dispute Settlement Decisions: Bernan’s Annotated Reporter. (1998- ). K4600.W67

World Trade Review. (2002- ).

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