Rep John Lewis’ Speech at March on Washington, Aug. 28,1963
President John F. Kennedy delivered his Report to the American People on Civil Rights on June 11, 1963, urging Congress to pass civil rights legislation. Earlier that day, President Kennedy had ordered the National Guard to escort two African-American students as they enrolled at the University of Alabama.
Malcolm X : White Liberals and Conservatives: Malcolm X talked in 1963 about the power of the vote to change the race problem, noting that only 3 million “Negro integration-seekers” in the “Black bourgeoisie” vote, but 8 million don’t. He proposed that both white liberals and conservatives use civil rights “in this crooked game of power politics” to garner power.
"Message to the Grass Roots" is a public speech delivered by human rights activist Malcolm X. The speech was delivered on November 10, 1963, at the Northern Negro Grass Roots Leadership Conference, which was held at King Solomon Baptist Church in Detroit, Michigan. Malcolm X described the difference between the "Black revolution" and the "Negro revolution", he contrasted the "house Negro" and the "field Negro" during slavery and in the modern age, and he criticized the 1963 March on Washington. "Message to the Grass Roots" was ranked 91st in the top 100 American speeches of the 20th century by 137 leading scholars of American public address. - wikipedia
University of Cincinnati Libraries
PO Box 210033 Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0033